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Asbestos Communication.

Regulations (Standards – 29 CFR)
Asbestos – 1926.1101


Regulations (Standards – 29 CFR) – Table of Contents


• Part Number: 1926
• Part Title: Safety and Health Regulations for Construction
• Subpart: Z
• Subpart Title: Toxic and Hazardous Substances
• Standard Number: 1926.1101
• Title: Asbestos
• Appendix: A ,   B ,   C ,   D ,   E ,   F ,   G ,   H ,   I ,   J ,   K

1926.1101(a)

Scope and application. This section regulates asbestos exposure in all work as defined in 29 CFR 1910.12(b), including but not limited to the following:

 

Communication of Hazards

 

..1926.1101(k)(1)

1926.1101(k)(1)

This section applies to the communication of information concerning asbestos hazards in construction activities to facilitate compliance with this standard. Most asbestos-related construction activities involve previously installed building materials. Building owners often are the only and/or best sources of information concerning them. Therefore, they, along with employers of potentially exposed employees, are assigned specific information conveying and retention duties under this section. Installed Asbestos Containing Building Material. Employers and building owners shall identify TSI and sprayed or troweled on surfacing materials in buildings as asbestos-containing, unless they determine in compliance with paragraph (k)(5) of this section that the material is not asbestos-containing. Asphalt and vinyl flooring material installed no later than 1980 must also be considered as asbestos containing unless the employer, pursuant to paragraph (g)(8)(i)(I) of this section determines that it is not asbestos-containing. If the employer/building owner has actual knowledge, or should have known through the exercise of due diligence, that other materials are asbestos-containing, they too must be treated as such. When communicating information to employees pursuant to this standard, owners and employers shall identify “PACM” as ACM. Additional requirements relating to communication of asbestos work on multi-employer worksites are set out in paragraph (d) of this section.

1926.1101(k)(2)

Duties of building and facility owners.

1926.1101(k)(2)(i)

Before work subject to this standard is begun, building and facility owners shall determine the presence, location, and quantity of ACM and/or PACM at the work site pursuant to paragraph (k)(1) of this section.

1926.1101(k)(2)(ii)

Building and/or facility owners shall notify the following persons of the presence, location and quantity of ACM or PACM, at the work sites in their buildings and facilities. Notification either shall be in writing, or shall consist of a personal communication between the owner and the person to whom notification must be given or their authorized representatives:

1926.1101(k)(2)(ii)(A)

Prospective employers applying or bidding for work whose employees reasonably can be expected to work in or adjacent to areas containing such material;

1926.1101(k)(2)(ii)(B)

Employees of the owner who will work in or adjacent to areas containing such material:

1926.1101(k)(2)(ii)(C)

On multi-employer worksites, all employers of employees who will be performing work within or adjacent to areas containing such materials;

 

..1926.1101(k)(2)(ii)(D)

1926.1101(k)(2)(ii)(D)

Tenants who will occupy areas containing such material.

1926.1101(k)(3)

Duties of employers whose employees perform work subject to this standard in or adjacent to areas containing ACM and PACM. Building/facility owners whose employees perform such work shall comply with these provisions to the extent applicable.

1926.1101(k)(3)(i)

Before work in areas containing ACM and PACM is begun; employers shall identify the presence, location, and quantity of ACM, and/or PACM therein pursuant to paragraph (k)(1) of this section.

1926.1101(k)(3)(ii)

Before work under this standard is performed employers of employees who will perform such work shall inform the following persons of the location and quantity of ACM and/or PACM present in the area and the precautions to be taken to insure that airborne asbestos is confined to the area.

1926.1101(k)(3)(ii)(A)

Owners of the building/facility;

1926.1101(k)(3)(ii)(B)

Employees who will perform such work and employers of employees who work and/or will be working in adjacent areas.

 

..1926.1101(k)(3)(iii)

1926.1101(k)(3)(iii)

Within 10 days of the completion of such work, the employer whose employees have performed work subject to this standard, shall inform the building/facility owner and employers of employees who will be working in the area of the current location and quantity of PACM and/or ACM remaining in the area and final monitoring results, if any.

1926.1101(k)(4)

In addition to the above requirements, all employers who discover ACM and/or PACM on a worksite shall convey information concerning the presence, location and quantity of such newly discovered ACM and/or PACM to the owner and to other employers of employees working at the work site, within 24 hours of the discovery.

1926.1101(k)(5)

Criteria to rebut the designation of installed material as PACM.

1926.1101(k)(5)(i)

At any time, an employer and/or building owner may demonstrate, for purposes of this standard, that PACM does not contain asbestos. Building owners and/or employers are not required to communicate information about the presence of building material for which such a demonstration pursuant to the requirements of paragraph (k)(5)(ii) of this section has been made. However, in all such cases, the information, data and analysis supporting the determination that PACM does not contain asbestos, shall be retained pursuant to paragraph (n) of this section.

1926.1101(k)(5)(ii)

An employer or owner may demonstrate that PACM does not contain more than 1 percent asbestos by the following:

1926.1101(k)(5)(ii)(A)

Having a completed inspection conducted pursuant to the requirements of AHERA (40 CFR Part 763, Subpart E) which demonstrates that the material is not ACM; or

 

..1926.1101(k)(5)(ii)(B)

1926.1101(k)(5)(ii)(B)

Performing tests of the material containing PACM which demonstrate that no ACM is present in the material. Such tests shall include analysis of bulk samples collected in the manner described in 40 CFR 763.86. The tests, evaluation and sample collection shall be conducted by an accredited inspector or by a CIH. Analysis of samples shall be performed by persons or laboratories with proficiency demonstrated by current successful participation in a nationally recognized testing program such as the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) or the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) or the Round Robin for bulk samples administered by the American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) or an equivalent nationally-recognized round robin testing program.

1926.1101(k)(5)(iii)

The employer and/or building owner may demonstrate that flooring material including associated mastic and backing does not contain asbestos, by a determination of an industrial hygienist based upon recognized analytical techniques showing that the material is not ACM.

1926.1101(k)(6)

At the entrance to mechanical rooms/areas in which employees reasonably can be expected to enter and which contain ACM and/or PACM, the building owner shall post signs which identify the material which is present, its location, and appropriate work practices which, if followed, will ensure that ACM and/or PACM will not be disturbed. The employer shall ensure, to the extent feasible, that employees who come in contact with these signs can comprehend them. Means to ensure employee comprehension may include the use of foreign languages, pictographs, graphics, and awareness training.

1926.1101(k)(7)

Signs.

1926.1101(k)(7)(i)

Warning signs that demarcate the regulated area shall be provided and displayed at each location where a regulated area is required to be established by paragraph (e) of this section. Signs shall be posted at such a distance from such a location that an employee may read the signs and take necessary protective steps before entering the area marked by the signs.

 

..1926.1101(k)(7)(ii)

1926.1101(k)(7)(ii) 1926.1101(k)(7)(ii)(A)

The warning signs required by paragraph (k)(7) of this section shall bear the following information.

DANGER
ASBESTOS
CANCER AND LUNG DISEASE HAZARD
AUTHORIZED PERSONNEL ONLY

1926.1101(k)(7)(ii)(B)

In addition, where the use of respirators and protective clothing is required in the regulated area under this section, the warning signs shall include the following:

RESPIRATORS AND PROTECTION CLOTHING ARE REQUIRED IN THIS AREA

1926.1101(k)(7)(iii)

The employer shall ensure that employees working in and contiguous to regulated areas comprehend the warning signs required to be posted by paragraph (k)(7)(i) of this section. Means to ensure employee comprehension may include the use of foreign languages, pictographs and graphics.

1926.1101(k)(8)

Labels.

1926.1101(k)(8)(i)

Labels shall be affixed to all products containing asbestos and to all containers containing such products, including waste containers. Where feasible, installed asbestos products shall contain a visible label.

1926.1101(k)(8)(ii)

Labels shall be printed in large, bold letters on a contrasting background.

1926.1101(k)(8)(iii)

Labels shall be used in accordance with the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.1200(f) of OSHA’s Hazard Communication standard, and shall contain the following information:

DANGER
CONTAINS ASBESTOS FIBERS
AVOID CREATING DUST
CANCER AND LUNG DISEASE HAZARD

..1926.1101(k)(8)(iv)

1926.1101(k)(8)(iv)

[Reserved]

1926.1101(k)(8)(v)

Labels shall contain a warning statement against breathing asbestos fibers.

1926.1101(k)(8)(vi)

The provisions for labels required by paragraphs (k)(8)(i) through (k)(8)(iii) of this section do not apply where:

1926.1101(k)(8)(vi)(A)

Asbestos fibers have been modified by a bonding agent, coating, binder, or other material, provided that the manufacturer can demonstrate that, during any reasonably foreseeable use, handling, storage, disposal, processing, or transportation, no airborne concentrations of asbestos fibers in excess of the permissible exposure limit and/or excursion limit will be released, or

1926.1101(k)(8)(vi)(B)

Asbestos is present in a product in concentrations less than 1.0 percent.

 

..1926.1101(k)(8)(vii)

1926.1101(k)(8)(vii)

When a building owner or employer identifies previously installed PACM and/or ACM, labels or signs shall be affixed or posted so that employees will be notified of what materials contain PACM and/or ACM. The employer shall attach such labels in areas where they will clearly be noticed by employees who are likely to be exposed, such as at the entrance to mechanical room/areas. Signs required by paragraph (k)(6) of this section may be posted in lieu of labels so long as they contain information required for labelling. The employer shall ensure, to the extent feasible, that employees who come in contact with these signs or labels can comprehend them. Means to ensure employee comprehension may include the use of foreign languages, pictographs, graphics, and awareness training.

1926.1101(k)(9)

Employee Information and Training.

1926.1101(k)(9)(i)

The employer shall, at no cost to the employee, institute a training program for all employees who are likely to be exposed in excess of a PEL and for all employees who perform Class I through IV asbestos operations, and shall ensure their participation in the program.

1926.1101(k)(9)(ii)

Training shall be provided prior to or at the time of initial assignment and at least annually thereafter.

1926.1101(k)(9)(iii)

Training for Class I operations and for Class II operations that require the use of critical barriers (or equivalent isolation methods) and/or negative pressure enclosures under this section shall be the equivalent in curriculum, training method and length to the EPA Model Accreditation Plan (MAP) asbestos abatement workers training (40 CFR Part 763, subpart E, appendix C).

1926.1101(k)(9)(iv)

Training for other Class II work.

 

..1926.1101(k)(9)(iv)(A)

1926.1101(k)(9)(iv)(A)

For work with asbestos containing roofing materials, flooring materials, siding materials, ceiling tiles, or transite panels, training shall include at a minimum all the elements included in paragraph (k)(9)(viii) of this section and in addition, the specific work practices and engineering controls set forth in paragraph (g) of this section which specifically relate to that category. Such course shall include “hands-on” training and shall take at least 8 hours.

1926.1101(k)(9)(iv)(B)

An employee who works with more than one of the categories of material specified in paragraph (k)(9)(iv)(A) of this section shall receive training in the work practices applicable to each category of material that the employee removes and each removal method that the employee uses.

1926.1101(k)(9)(iv)(C)

For Class II operations not involving the categories of material specified in paragraph (k)(9)(iv)(A) of this section, training shall be provided which shall include at a minimum all the elements included in paragraph (k)(9)(viii) of this section and in addition, the specific work practices and engineering controls set forth in paragraph (g) of this section which specifically relate to the category of material being removed, and shall include “hands-on” training in the work practices applicable to each category of material that the employee removes and each removal method that the employee uses.

 

..1926.1101(k)(9)(v)

1926.1101(k)(9)(v)

Training for Class III employees shall be consistent with EPA requirements for training of local education agency maintenance and custodial staff as set forth at 40 CFR 763.92(a)(2). Such a course shall also include “hands-on” training and shall take at least 16 hours. Exception: For Class III operations for which the competent person determines that the EPA curriculum does not adequately cover the training needed to perform that activity, training shall include as a minimum all the elements included in paragraph (k)(9)(viii) of this section and in addition, the specific work practices and engineering controls set forth in paragraph (g) of this section which specifically relate to that activity, and shall include “hands-on” training in the work practices applicable to each category of material that the employee disturbs.

1926.1101(k)(9)(vi)

Training for employees performing Class IV operations shall be consistent with EPA requirements for training of local education agency maintenance and custodial staff as set forth at 40 CFR 763.92(a)(1). Such a course shall include available information concerning the locations of thermal system insulation and surfacing ACM/PACM, and asbestos-containing flooring material, or flooring material where the absence of asbestos has not yet been certified; and instruction in recognition of damage, deterioration, and delamination of asbestos containing building materials. Such course shall take at least 2 hours.

1926.1101(k)(9)(vii)

Training for employees who are likely to be exposed in excess of the PEL and who are not otherwise required to be trained under paragraph (k)(9)(iii) through (vi) of this section, shall meet the requirements of paragraph (k)(9)(viii) of this section.

1926.1101(k)(9)(viii)

The training program shall be conducted in a manner that the employee is able to understand. In addition to the content required by provisions in paragraphs (k)(9)(iii) through (vi) of this section, the employer shall ensure that each such employee is informed of the following:

 

..1926.1101(k)(9)(viii)(A)

1926.1101(k)(9)(viii)(A)

Methods of recognizing asbestos, including the requirement in paragraph (k)(1) of this section to presume that certain building materials contain asbestos;

1926.1101(k)(9)(viii)(B)

The health effects associated with asbestos exposure;

1926.1101(k)(9)(viii)(C)

The relationship between smoking and asbestos in producing lung cancer;

1926.1101(k)(9)(viii)(D)

The nature of operations that could result in exposure to asbestos, the importance of necessary protective controls to minimize exposure including, as applicable, engineering controls, work practices, respirators, housekeeping procedures, hygiene facilities, protective clothing, decontamination procedures, emergency procedures, and waste disposal procedures, and any necessary instruction in the use of these controls and procedures; where Class III and IV work will be or is performed, the contents of EPA 20T-2003, “Managing Asbestos In-Place” July 1990 or its equivalent in content;

1926.1101(k)(9)(viii)(E)

The purpose, proper use, fitting instructions, and limitations of respirators as required by 29 CFR 1910.134;

1926.1101(k)(9)(viii)(F)

The appropriate work practices for performing the asbestos job;

1926.1101(k)(9)(viii)(G)

Medical surveillance program requirements;

1926.1101(k)(9)(viii)(H)

The content of this standard including appendices;

 

..1926.1101(k)(9)(viii)(I)

1926.1101(k)(9)(viii)(I)

The names, addresses and phone numbers of public health organizations which provide information, materials and/or conduct programs concerning smoking cessation. The employer may distribute the list of such organizations contained in Appendix J to this section, to comply with this requirement; and

1926.1101(k)(9)(viii)(J)

The requirements for posting signs and affixing labels and the meaning of the required legends for such signs and labels.

1926.1101(k)(10)

Access to training materials.

1926.1101(k)(10)(i)

The employer shall make readily available to affected employees without cost, written materials relating to the employee training program, including a copy of this regulation.

1926.1101(k)(10)(ii)

The employer shall provide to the Assistant Secretary and the Director, upon request, all information and training materials relating to the employee information and training program.

1926.1101(k)(10)(iii)

The employer shall inform all employees concerning the availability of self-help smoking cessation program material. Upon employee request, the employer shall distribute such material, consisting of NIH Publication No, 89-1647, or equivalent self-help material, which is approved or published by a public health organization listed in Appendix J to this section.

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